Who Chooses the Nobel Peace Prize Winners?The Nobel Peace Prize winner is chosen by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, which is make up of five fiercely-independent members. Since 1936, government officials have been prohibited from sitting on the committee to avoid any hints that the Committee may be influenced by the current political climate in Norway.
How Do You Get Nominated to Be a Nobel Peace Prize Winner?You can't nominate yourself or others for the prize, and you can't campaign to be chosen the winner. In fact, you won't even know if you've been nominated – according to an article in The Associated Press, Common Misconceptions about the Nobel Peace Prize, records of nominees can be kept sealed for up to 50 years.
According to the Nobel Peace Prize website, nominees are only accepted from a select few people, including members of national governments, members of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and of the International Court of Justice at the Hague, former Nobel Peace Prize winners, and so on. Organizations can be nominated, as well as individuals.
How Are Nobel Peace Prize Winners Chosen?The goal of the Nobel Peace Prize is to award people who "have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses."
Oftentimes, the winners are people who have not completed their work toward peace, but who are at a critical juncture in their work and who need the support that winning the Nobel Peace Prize brings.
To pick the winners, the Norwegian Nobel Committee considers all nominees, and selects a "short list" of around five to 20 people for further review. Those candidates are then reviewed with advice from the Committee's permanent advisors and other experts.
The Committee attempts to reach a unanimous vote through discussions and debates. If a unanimous decision can't be reached by the deadline at the beginning of October, a majority vote will suffice to name the Nobel Peace Prize winner.